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How To Take Care Of A Hedgehog

If you’re considering a hedgehog as a pet, you should know that they require specific care to ensure they live a healthy and happy life. In How To Take Care Of A Hedgehog, we will discuss the essentials of taking care of a hedgehog, including their diet, hygiene, and health needs.

Diet and Nutrition

In the wild, hedgehogs primarily eat insects, so it is crucial to mimic their natural diet when feeding them in captivity. Providing a mix of high-quality cat food and insects, such as mealworms and crickets, is recommended.

It is important to note that hedgehogs are lactose intolerant, so avoid feeding them dairy products. Additionally, avoid feeding your hedgehog fruits high in sugar, as it can lead to obesity and dental issues.


A hedgehog’s enclosure should be spacious enough to allow them to move around freely. The enclosure should be at least 2 feet by 3 feet and have a solid bottom to prevent escape. Line the bottom of the enclosure with shredded paper or wood shavings and provide your hedgehog with a hide box to retreat to when they need to rest.

Providing an appropriate housing environment is essential for the health and well-being of your hedgehog. Here are some tips for housing a hedgehog:

Cage Size: A cage that is at least 24 inches by 24 inches is recommended for a single hedgehog. The cage should have enough room for a hide box, food and water bowls, a litter box, and space to play and exercise.

Substrate: Provide a substrate that is absorbent and easy to clean. Options include paper bedding, fleece, or aspen shavings. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings, as they can be harmful to your hedgehog’s respiratory system.

Temperature: Hedgehogs prefer a temperature range of 72-80 degrees Fahrenheit. Provide a heat source such as a heating pad or ceramic heat emitter to maintain a warm temperature.

Lighting: Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals and do not require UV lighting. However, providing a light source during the day can help regulate their sleep cycle.

Hide Box: Provide a hide box or other type of shelter for your hedgehog to retreat to. This can be a cardboard box or a commercial hide box.

Cleaning: Clean the cage at least once a week, and spot clean as needed. Remove any uneaten food, soiled bedding, and clean food and water bowls daily.

Exercise: Hedgehogs need daily exercise and playtime outside of their cage. Provide a safe area for your hedgehog to explore, such as a playpen or supervised area.

Remember to monitor your hedgehog’s behavior and adjust its housing environment accordingly. If you have any questions or concerns about your hedgehog’s housing needs, consult with a veterinarian who specializes in exotic pets.


To maintain good hygiene, it is important to clean your hedgehog’s cage at least once a week. Remove old food and feces and wipe down the enclosure with a pet-safe disinfectant. Hedgehogs are also susceptible to dental disease, so it is recommended to have their teeth checked during their annual veterinary visit.


Hedgehogs are generally clean animals, and you should avoid bathing them unless it is necessary. If dirt or bedding gets stuck in their spines, you can bathe them using warm water, a toothbrush, and a pet-safe shampoo.

Health Concerns

Hedgehogs are prone to dental disease, skin issues, intestinal parasites, and tumors. Spaying and neutering are recommended to avoid reproductive organ tumors and other diseases later in life. If you notice any unusual behavior or symptoms, such as a lack of appetite or lethargy, contact your veterinarian immediately.

As with any animal, hedgehogs can experience health concerns that require attention from a veterinarian. Here are some common health concerns to watch out for:

Obesity: Hedgehogs can become overweight if they are fed too much or do not have enough opportunities for exercise. Obesity can lead to health problems such as liver disease and diabetes.

Dental Issues: Hedgehogs can experience dental problems if their teeth become too long or if they develop dental infections. Signs of dental issues include difficulty eating, drooling, and pawing at the mouth.

Respiratory Infections: Respiratory infections are common in hedgehogs and can be caused by bacteria or viruses. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, and difficulty breathing.

Skin Issues: Hedgehogs can experience skin issues such as mites, fungal infections, and dry skin. Signs of skin issues include scratching, scabbing, and hair loss.

Wobbly Hedgehog Syndrome (WHS): WHS is a neurological disorder that affects some hedgehogs. It can cause wobbliness, muscle weakness, and paralysis. There is no cure for WHS, and affected hedgehogs typically have a shortened lifespan.

If you notice any signs of health concerns in your hedgehog, it’s important to take them to a veterinarian who specializes in exotic pets. Regular check-ups and preventative care can also help to identify and treat health issues early on.


When picking up a hedgehog, it is best to scoop them up gently from the belly using both hands, as their belly does not have quills. Avoid picking them up by the tail or the quills on their back, as this can be uncomfortable and stressful for them. Here are some tips for handling a hedgehog:

Approach Slowly: Hedgehogs can be easily startled, so it’s important to approach them slowly and calmly. Speak softly and move slowly to avoid alarming them.

Use Gloves: Hedgehogs have sharp spines that can be painful if they prick you. Consider wearing gloves to protect your hands when handling them.

Support the Body: When picking up a hedgehog, support its body with both hands. Place one hand under the hedgehog’s belly and the other hand over its back. This will help the hedgehog feel secure and prevent it from rolling up into a ball.

Avoid Scented Lotions or Perfumes: Hedgehogs have a strong sense of smell, so it’s important to avoid wearing scented lotions or perfumes that could be overwhelming for them.

Watch for Signs of Stress: Hedgehogs can become stressed if they are handled too much or too roughly. Watch for signs of stress, such as hissing, puffing up, or rolling into a ball, and put the hedgehog back in its enclosure if it seems agitated.

Build Trust: Spend time with your hedgehog each day to help it become comfortable with you. Offer treats and talk to it softly to help build trust.

Remember that each hedgehog has its own personality and comfort level with handling. Some may enjoy being held and cuddled while others may prefer to be left alone. It’s important to respect your hedgehog’s preferences and personality.


Hope the article How To Take Care Of A Hedgehog will provide useful information for you.

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